“Then Felix, who understood the facts concerning the Way more accurately, adjourned their hearing, saying, ‘When Lysias the commanding officer comes down, I will decide your case.’ He ordered the centurion to guard Paul, but to let him have some freedom, and not to prevent any of his friends from meeting his needs —Acts 24:22-23
One thing I should mention, at the end here, where Felix allows Paul some extra freedom, and that any of his friends can visit him to support whatever needs he may have. What this is referring to is Paul’s friends bringing any food and supplies he needed, because that is what they had to do for the prisoner to eat and keep themselves clean. Even today, if you are outside of the U.S, you have to this.
Now notice Luke’s words in verse 22: “Felix . . . understood the facts concerning the Way more accurately, . . .” Felix was an experienced governor. Not only did he understand Judaism, he understood Christianity. Even a governor like Gallio could figure out what was going on in his courtroom, and he threw the case (and the prosecutors) out. It’s not that Felix lacked some vital information (in this case, from Claudius Lysias, the commander). Nor, that the issues are so vague Felix can’t comprehend them. Or, that the verdict is unclear. He knows that Paul is innocent, but he doesn’t want to anger the Jewish leadership by saying so. As a politician, he knows (so to speak) that favoring Paul will win him few votes at election time, but that favoring the Jews will gain him many votes [Before you send me emails arguing with me on this, I understand that governors weren’t elected. I am trying to put this into “modern day” context so it will reflect what is going on in Felix’s refusal to pronounce a verdict.].
Felix wanted to avoid the painful consequences of the decision he knew he should make. Instead of doing what Gallio, his predecessor, did, Felix delayed his decision. He claimed to need to investigate the issue more fully and follow up by interrogating Claudius Lysias, the commander. No, he didn’t hand Paul over to the Jews for execution, but he did pacify the Jews by keeping Paul in prison. By doing this he was (possibly without realizing it) protecting Paul’s life and making the Jews happy at the same time. But he was also giving Paul a measure of freedom, by allowing Paul’s friends to visit. That was actually quite generous, because Felix didn’t have to do that.
If interested, you can download the entire study of The Story of Acts